Accessible Gardening

Gardening for all abilities.

Accessible Gardening in October

Discover what to plant in October. Veggies, fruits, and flowers planting indoors and outdoors, and the most common activities for the month.
Accessible planting: Shrubs

As the vibrant hues of autumn envelop the northern hemisphere, October presents a golden opportunity for gardeners to embark on a new phase of planting and growth. With the arrival of cooler temperatures and nature’s transformative display, the garden becomes a canvas for rich and captivating colors.

October marks the true arrival of fall, as the landscape transitions and prepares for winter’s embrace. It’s a time when the natural world undergoes a beautiful metamorphosis, with falling leaves and crisp air signaling the changing seasons. By strategically planting in October, you can take advantage of the favorable conditions to establish new plants, sow seeds, and witness the magic of growth in your garden.

On this article, we will explore a selection of plants that thrive when planted in October, ensuring a thriving garden that embraces the essence of the season.

October offers a unique opportunity to cultivate a garden that captures the essence of autumn’s splendor. Embrace the season’s bounty by planting cool-season flowers that showcase fiery hues, aromatic herbs that infuse warmth into your culinary creations, and vegetables that thrive in the crisp air. With a little planning and care, your garden can become a sanctuary of natural beauty and a source of fresh produce even as winter approaches.

Looking for a different month? Check the Calendar.

What to Plant Indoors in October

In the northern hemisphere, October brings cooler temperatures and shorter daylight hours, making it an ideal time to shift focus to indoor gardening. While the outdoor growing season may be winding down, there are still plenty of plants you can successfully grow indoors during this time. Here are some options for indoor planting in October:

  • Herbs: Start herb seeds or transplant young herb plants indoors in October. Popular choices include basil, parsley, cilantro, chives, and mint. These herbs can be grown in pots or containers on a sunny windowsill or under grow lights.

  • Leafy Greens: Sow seeds of leafy greens such as lettuce, spinach, kale, and Swiss chard indoors. These cool-season crops can thrive in containers or raised beds placed near a sunny window or under grow lights.

  • Microgreens: October is an excellent time to grow microgreens indoors. Plant seeds of radishes, broccoli, kale, mustard greens, or sunflowers in trays or containers filled with potting soil. Harvest the tender shoots when they reach the desired size.

  • Sprouts: Consider growing sprouts indoors for a quick and nutritious addition to your meals. Sprout seeds like mung beans, alfalfa, lentils, or broccoli sprouts in sprouting trays or jars, providing them with water and proper drainage.

  • Aromatic Flowers: Brighten up your indoor space with aromatic flowers such as lavender, jasmine, geraniums, or miniature roses. These flowering plants can be grown in containers and placed in well-lit areas or near windows to enjoy their beautiful blooms and delightful scents.

  • Succulents and Cacti: Indoor succulents and cacti make excellent houseplants, as they are low-maintenance and can add a touch of greenery to any indoor space. Choose a variety of shapes, sizes, and colors to create an interesting display.

  • Indoor Trees: Consider adding an indoor tree to your living space for a touch of elegance and natural beauty. Popular choices include ficus, palm, dracaena, or citrus trees, depending on the available space and lighting conditions.

Accessible planting: Basil
Start herb seeds or transplant young herb plants indoors in October. Popular choices include basil, parsley, cilantro, chives, and mint.

Ensure that your indoor plants receive adequate light, either from a sunny window or by using artificial grow lights. Provide them with the appropriate potting soil, water them as needed, and monitor the temperature and humidity levels in your indoor environment. Indoor gardening in October allows you to continue cultivating fresh herbs, greens, and flowers throughout the year, bringing the joys of gardening indoors as the outdoor season transitions into winter.

What to Plant Outdoors in October

In the northern hemisphere, October marks the beginning of autumn, and it’s a fantastic time to continue gardening outdoors, taking advantage of the cooler temperatures and moist soil. While the growing season may be coming to a close, there are still several plants that can be successfully planted outdoors in October. Here are some options for outdoor planting:

  • Bulbs: Plant spring-flowering bulbs like tulips, daffodils, hyacinths, and crocuses in October. These bulbs require a period of winter dormancy to bloom beautifully in the following spring.

  • Perennials: October is an ideal time to plant perennial flowers, as the cooler temperatures help them establish strong root systems before winter. Consider planting perennials like asters, mums, sedums, rudbeckias, and coneflowers for colorful blooms in the coming seasons.

  • Shrubs and Trees: Fall is a fantastic time for planting shrubs and trees as they can focus on root development during the dormant season. Choose varieties suitable for your region and climate. Examples include dogwood, maple, birch, and forsythia shrubs.

  • Cool-Season Vegetables: Many cool-season vegetables thrive when planted in October. Sow seeds or transplant seedlings of vegetables such as kale, lettuce, spinach, radishes, carrots, beets, turnips, and Swiss chard. These crops can withstand colder temperatures and provide a fresh harvest well into late autumn or even winter.

  • Garlic: October is the ideal time to plant garlic cloves for a harvest the following summer. Separate garlic bulbs into individual cloves and plant them with the pointed end facing up in well-drained soil.

  • Cover Crops: Consider planting cover crops like winter rye, crimson clover, or hairy vetch in empty garden beds. Cover crops help improve soil fertility, prevent erosion, and suppress weeds. They can be turned into the soil in the spring to enrich it with organic matter.

  • Pansies and Violas: Add pops of color to your outdoor space by planting pansies and violas. These cool-season annuals can withstand chilly temperatures and provide beautiful blooms throughout the fall and even into winter in milder regions.

Accessible planting: Shrubs
Fall is a fantastic time for planting shrubs and trees as they can focus on root development during the dormant season.

Remember to provide adequate water for newly planted outdoor plants, especially if rainfall is scarce. Mulching around plants can help conserve moisture and insulate the soil. Also, monitor the weather and protect tender plants if frost is expected.

October presents a wonderful opportunity to extend the growing season and continue enjoying the beauty and productivity of your outdoor garden. By planting the right selection of bulbs, perennials, vegetables, and other plants, you can enhance your garden’s vibrancy and reap the rewards of your efforts in the seasons to come.

Looking for a Different Month?

Do you want to learn what to plant indoors and outdoors in a different month?

< September

Month by month guide for planting indoors and outdoors in September.

November >

Month by month guide for planting indoors and outdoors in November.